This report, carried out by the Social Market Fundation for EDF Energy, looks at the growing importance of STEM skills in future jobs.

STEM jobs accounted  for 7.6% of the total workforce in 2016 but this is growing. This report, commissioned as part of EDF Energy’s ‘Pretty Curious’ Campaign to inspire girls into STEM, evidences the increasing importance of STEM skills, particularly computing, in the future landscape of UK employment. It also highlights how increasing the number of women in these career areas can play a role in ensuring that these jobs will be filled.


  • There will be 142,000 new jobs in science, research, engineering and technology from now to 2023
  • Almost a quarter (22%) or 142,000 of the vacancies in science, research, engineering and technology created between 2016 and 2023 will be new jobs (i.e. roles that do not exist, as opposed to increasing workforce size)
  • Jobs in science, research, engineering and technology are expected to rise at double the rate of other occupations between now and 2023 (6% vs. 3%).
  • Computing skills will be the most in demand, required for 25% of new jobs by 2023  
  • Science-focussed industries are projected to grow in size by 2023 in line with overall employment growth, and are expected to account for 28% of job- openings by 2023
  • Demand for science, technology and research based skills is expected to increase in non-traditional STEM  jobs such as in retail, head offices, PR and consultancy and legal, accounting and financial services
  • Out of the top five job hotspots with the highest net job requirements, four currently have female representation at less than a quarter of their workforces

To read more from EDF, visit their website.