This report from the Royal Academy of Engineering explores the workplace culture of the sector and how that impacts on Diversity and Inclusion.

As a sector, engineering faces one of the biggest diversity challenges compared to STEM as a whole. This report surveyed 7,000 engineers and identifies seven indicators of what inclusion actually means to employees; openness, respect, relationships, career development support, flexibility, leadership and diversity). It explores how this varies according to different characteristics to understand how the culture of engineering can be used to make progress in the sector.


  • Of UK engineers, 9% are women, 6% BAME and 5% have a disability, compared to 51%, 14% and 17% of the UK population respectively.
  • BAME (72%) and female engineers (80%) feel less able to be open about their lives outside work than white (85%) and male (85%) engineers.
  • Male (82%) engineers are significantly more likely than their female (43%) colleagues to say their gender is irrelevant to how they are perceived at work.
  • BAME (50%) and female (54%) engineers are less likely than their white (67%) and male (69%) colleagues to think flexible working is not a barrier to their career.
  • 15% of white engineers and 15% of male engineers do not feel included, highlighting that inclusion cannot just be about underrepresented groups.
  • Feeling included was associated with increased motivation (80% respondents), performance (68%) and commitment to the organisation (52%). Employees are also more likely to understand business priorities, be confident about speaking up on improvements, mistakes or safety concerns, and see a future for themselves in the profession.

To read more from the Royal Academy of Engineering, visit their website