This briefing describes how organisations can produce impactful evidence in the debate over immigration.

The purpose of this briefing was to provide guidance to businesses should they wish to respond to the Migration Advisory Committee consultation on EEA workers in the UK labour market. Although this consultation has been concluded, the briefing acts as a useful statistical document to showcase some industries in the UK that stand to be greatly affected by Brexit.


Different sectors that would be particularly impacted by Brexit:

  • Agriculture: EEA nationals are estimated to represent 8% of the workforce, which rises to up to 18% in the East of England and remote areas, but the true figure is likely to be higher. Seasonal jobs such as fruit picking may be particularly affected
  • Construction: 1/3 of workers in London are EEA nationals. 43% of respondents to a Fragomen survey turned down projects in the last 12 months due to lack of skilled workers.
  • Health and social care: High reliance on EEA workers, particularly in London. A number of occupations here are on the Shortage Occupation List. NHS will be strongly affected, as 5% of the workforce are EEA workers, rising to 11% in London
  • Hospitality: EEA nationals make up 14% of the workforce across the UK
  • Retail and logistics: EEA nationals make up 7% though mainly in less skilled roles
  • Higher education: 17% of academic staff and 6% of non-academic staff are EEA nationals
  • Digital technology (“Tech”): In London, 1/5 workers in Tech are EEA nationals. Particularly vulnerable due to domination of start-ups. 30% of start-up founders were born overseas
  • Financial services: EEA nationals make up 6% of UK workforce in financial services

To read more from Fragomen, visit their website.